An intensive discussion has begun on the thought and principle of Nepal Communist Party and Communist Party of China being initiated specially by Chinese president Xi Jinping and Xi thought endorsed by the 19th national convention of Communist Party of China after the two day long interaction organized in Kathmandu from 6th– 7th Aswin 2076. More than 200 central level leaders and workers of Nepal Communist party, NCP, and more than two Dozens of Chinese leaders and government officials have been the participants in the program. Chief of International Department of CPC Song Tao including four leaders had presented working papers on Xi Jinping Thought in that interaction program. Two chairmen of ruling NCP and chief of School Department had delivered their preaching in the interaction. Prime Minister KP Sharma Oli and Chairman Prachanda had clarified that NCP would not imitate any principle or thought. Chinese leaders had reiterated their opinion to serve people through the creative application of Marxism in accordance to the need of different countries. CPC, in that course , has been iterating that China is initiating Xi Jinping thought through Marxism-Leninism, and Mao thought.
After the endorsement of Xi Jinping thought by the 19th National assembly of CPC, Prof. Dr. Chhen of Renmin University had for the first time elaborated in detail the fundamental elements of Xi Thought in his long interview with ABC television two years back. CPC has been encouraged more to extend relations and exchange views specially after the unification between Nepal’s the then UML and Maoist was forged. As a continuation of it CPC has been ready to sign the MoU this time to formally establish brotherly relation with NCP.
Formally brotherly relations between CPC and NCP has been established on the occasion of the almost a century of the establishment of CPC and the 70th anniversary of the establishment of the Democratic Republic. Future will indicate to what extent Nepal and NCP can be benefitted with this incident.
However, no one could even imagine that NCP would deviate from its fundamental course of governing style and political competition on this ground. Present day NCP had from its practice received education the most through the passion of unitary system and governing system and romantic ideal. Moreover, we can’t underestimate instantly the fact that NCP has been the major power to promulgate constitution not only classically but in practice it gloriously practiced multiparty competition analyzing the impossibility of unitary system only through violent course of struggle. For the rapid economic development, political purification and anti-corruption conduct, it will be a great asset for Nepal if anyone gets lessons from Nelson Mandela, Mahatma Gandhi, Mao –Ze-Dong and Xi Jinping or American Black leader Martin Luther King. It will be immature to understand Xi Jinping Thought more in this context.
After the interaction on Xi Thought in Kathmandu, power centers and individuals in Nepal, neighboring countries, and across the world have expressed maximum concerns. Leaders from main opposition party, Nepali Congress, Ram Chandra Poudel and Bimalendra Nidhi exhibited their state of panic commenting NCP of being sister organization of CPC. Reacting not to impose pressure on Nepal for Hindu religion at a time when Chinese leaders were in Nepal, Indian Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) chief Mohan Bhagwat highlighted the opinion that considers increasing presence of China in Nepal more and has made it an issue of discussion.
No matter be it informally, Nepali Congress leader Krishna Sitaula who was with NCP chairman Prachanda and general secretary Bishnu Paudel at a program hosted by NCP leader Narayan Kaji Shrestha in his residence organized on the occasion of constitution day on 8th Aswin 2076 amidst the presence of more than half a dozen journalists satirically commented on CCP’s training program for NCP leaders. In response, chairman Prachanda had iterated not to understand the program more than the opinion of Chinese leaders who had presented their views on Xi Thought adopted prior to two years upon the request of NCP leaders and workers. Editors had raised many questions in a sitting that seemed to be like an inter-dialogue in connection to the interaction. How would such training program organized for CPC have been discussed in case Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) had provided training to ruling Nepali Congress ? What should we have to do concerning issues including train and other assistance in case the program was organized to ensure the proposed visit of Chinese President Xi Jinping ? Is there any possibility of Nepal losing the balance more organizing such program by NCP at a time when the current dispute of Nepal’s noninvolvement in Indo-Pacific Strategy has not been cooled down? Why did understanding to establish fraternal relations with CPC reach despite its age long relations with Nepal? Though small in size, Nepal has remained an independent nation securing its independence from Rana regime to till date due to its balanced foreign policy no matter many political parties and institutions hold the power. What sort of effect does it have in the context of such sensibility after such activities carried between CPC and NCP and the government of China and Nepal? Moreover, some of them raised the questions on the possible impact in international level concerning why China established fraternal relations with only Nepal from among 23 nations that share direct border of China. In response, Prachanda had told that such questions did not have any significance at a context when NCP was moving forward along the originality of Nepal on the extensive political philosophy of Marxism and Leninism leaving Maoism or thought after its unification.
Moreover, Prachanda had reiterated that no one should cherish an illusion that NCP would opt for single party course through such dialogues, interactions, and collaborations between NCP and CCP at a time when chance of clarification to those who have raised such questions has not been achieved.
During that stay, Human rights activist Krishna Pahadi had suggested main leadership not to be more reactive towards revivalists in the context of overall protection of democratic republic. Pahadi’s concern and worry was the ultimate alternative of democratic parties was democratic parties. Emphasizing upon the need of normal perception on the process of the alteration of ruling leadership between NCP and Nepali Congress, Pahadi had pointed that nothing could be the alternative to democratic republic. Moreover, moving a bit forward, Pahadi had inspired Prachanda to be more active iterating that reactionary forces got chances to carry their activities due to the inactiveness of NCP like a pond after party unification. Cordially internalizing and accepting Pahadi’s suggestions, Prachanda had clarified that there is no enmity with existing change loving forces despite competition.
Those who claim ‘I’ can’t be a communist
Amidst such questions from the editors Situala kept on reiterating Nepali Congress’ doubt over whether Nepal becomes ready for the adoption of Xi thought after CPC’s training in Nepal. Not only such types of questions Nepali Media and intellectual community have been full of Xi Thought since the second week of Aswin. Most probably in response of all these queries and doubts, Chinese Ambassador to Nepal, Hou Yanqi has clarified in a public forum on 9th Aswin in Kathmandu that since Xi Thought has already been internationalized, China will not export this thought to any country. NCP leaders and workers participating the interaction on Xi Thought have begun to question whether NCP is really a communist party ?
Chinese leaders who exercised state capitalism claim that those who are involved in corruption and say ‘I’ can’t be communists. However, there is a tragic situation of the conduct of communist leaders who distributed dream of socialism and communism is centralized to ‘I’ and again ‘I’ in Nepal. Xi thought has come afore as the key to fundamentally purify the governance system of China. After the rise of Xi terror has discouraged corrupt tendency in China whereas, the significance of China has increased in world politics.
Moreover it has been obvious that BRI project has been made on the ground of Xi Thought. Even Nepal has a haste to receive China’s assistance in course of economic prosperity as a member of BRI nations. Most probably, it is expected that concrete commitment towards this direction will come to public during the visit of Chinese President Xi in the near future. China has been continuously cooperating in Nepal’s economic development since the establishment of friendly relations in 1955. In that context China, joining hands with Nepal, had settled the Khampa rebellion that had aimed to create instability in Tibet whereas, there have been examples like courageous step to remove Indian check post located along Chinese border upon the suggestion of China.
However, there is a tragic experience of closing more than two dozens of industries established and run under Chinese assistance in the name of privatization when Nepali congress came to the power after 1990 change in Nepal. However, no one can twist the fact that China kept on continuously assisting without formal reaction. Moreover, China remained neutral during the April movement 2006. The context of open support of countries like India, America including Europe except China and claiming their ownership in the changed context is still prevalent in Nepal. But China has never demanded and claimed for its ownership. Despite its happiness after the unification between the then UML and Maoist, China was unknown about the unification that was about be made.
However, China has been happy to see the political stability resulted in Nepal after 2017 general election but there is no reason for remaining world to be sad over the change. It will be more relevant to recall the political upheavals and activities of the world and the neighboring countries and the role of China than to raise question, concern of have tension over Chines’ issue in Nepal. It is no more than a feeling of depression within to raise questions on India’s anger against increasing Chines assistance in Nepal since there is more than 85 billion Dollar business transaction between India and China. India, Being the largest member country to invest in the infrastructure development Bank established with the initiation of China both countries have been heading upwards to maintain better relation. The effort of pleading support from China briefing the situation to president Xi by foreign ministers of Pakistan and India after the India took a decision on Jammu Kashmir issue has not yet been old. The more interesting issue is that Chines President is going to pay a visit to Nepal on his way back to China after the 4 day long India visit. At such juncture it will be very near to the truth to consider the end of a situation that India should be perplexed with the increasing China’s assistance in Nepal and China to be spellbound over India’s assistance to Nepal. Moreover, more than 65 countries of Asia and Eurasia have already been involved in BRI project and joining hands with China. China’s increasing role in America is being an internal political issue of USA, a situation of its mandatory economic dependence on China has been creating.
There is a truth that western power especially America wants to engage Beijing continuously raising the issue of Tibet. For this sake Kathmandu is surely an easy region. Similarly, the point of disagreement for India for its involvement in BRI project is China’s Aksai China road has reached the border of Iran, Gawadar through CPEC considered to be Pakistan occupied Kashmir. Delhi has raised its concern over the possible intervention against its sovereignty. This is no more than a protected issue of both China and India as it might be essential in diplomacy. At the end, India and China didn’t think to remember Nepal while undergoing an agreement to share Lipulek for which Nepal has been claiming for a long time.
The debate of Xi JinpingThought, in any form and style, being created in Kathmandu as a political stunt should be considered to be supporting Nepal government’s target of the declaration of visit year 2020. The era of considering anyone’s disagreement against anyone else’s thought has already been ended.
(The Writer is the founder Chairman and Editor-In-Chief of ABC News Television and President of Nepal Media Society. His Recent publication is The Safe Landing (Armed Struggle of Nepal, Debate on Transformation and UML-Maoist Unification) and Foundations and Agreements of Historical Unification.)